Political and social activist, philanthropist and the mother of one of hip-hop's most revered and worshipped men - Tupac Shakur - has passed away at her home in Sausilito, California at age 69.

Afeni Shakur Davis joined the Black Panther movement in 1964 after moving to New York City and meeting an associate of Malcom X, and was heavily involved up until 1969. Her life as a young woman revolved around the black freedom movement and subsequent legal battles that stemmed from her active role in the organisation. It was on June 16, 1971 that she gave birth to a young son, whom she dubbed Tupac Amaru Shakur – a name derived from the Inca words for ‘shining serpent’.

As Tupac’s success boomed over the majority of the ‘90s as a famous rapper, Afeni’s name was attached to many of his lyrical admissions, with respects to where and how he grew up. His mothers own personal trials and tribulations were famously recorded in Pac’s 1995 track Dear Mama, in which he referenced her addiction to cocaine. In particular are the words, “and even as a crack fiend mama, you always was a black queen, mama."

As the years passed, Afeni became clean from her drug habit and reconnected with Tupac, only to tragically lose him 1996 when he was gunned down in Las Vegas. Determined to give back, her path of philanthropy took a huge spike with the creation of the Tupac Amaru Shakur Center for the Arts in 1997.

Reports claim that she suffered ‘possible cardiac arrest’ on Monday evening, and was pronounced dead in hospital.

She is survived by her daughter, Sekyiwa Shakur.